To Study the Socio-Economic Status of Small and Marginal Farmers with Special Reference to Schedule Caste and Schedule Tribe Farmers of Kamrup District of Assam
Keywords:Socio-Economic, Farmers, Schedule Caste, Schedule Tribe, Assam, Agriculture Extension, Agriculture
SES (socio-economic status) is a measurement of an entity's economic and social position in comparison to others in society. It has an impact on resource accessibility, livelihood patterns, food and nutritional security, and so on. Knowledge, attitude, perception, adoption, change-proneness, level of aspiration, economic motivation and other psychological and behavioural components of a sample are frequently predicted. The present study tried to investigate about the socio economic status of the marginal and small farmers with special reference to Schedule caste and schedule tribe farmers in Kamrup district of Assam. Descriptive research design has been used . Data of 120 respondents were collected with the help of pre-structured questionnaire and personal interview. The study was conducted in 5 villages in Kamrup district of Assam in the year 2021.Thirteen variables were selected viz. category Gender, age, caste, education, annual income, occupation, social participation, types of house, land holding , Mass media exposure, farm power, material possessed, Extension contact were taken into account. Equal numbers of respondents were taken from SC and ST. 64.2% of the respondents were male. Majority of them were under 30 years old. Majority of the percentage had primary level of education, along with medium annual income. The overall SES category was medium level with 48.3% and low level 32.5% of SES category, 19.2% high level.
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